1
0
mirror of https://github.com/speed47/spectre-meltdown-checker synced 2024-07-15 15:44:38 +02:00
Miroir du script de test face aux failles CPU.
Go to file
2024-05-18 13:01:48 +02:00
.github/workflows feat(reptar): add detection and mitigation of Reptar 2024-01-09 15:38:16 +01:00
docker-compose.yml Slightly improved Docker configuration (#230) 2018-08-18 12:06:16 +02:00
Dockerfile fix: docker: adding missing utils (fixes #433) 2023-02-24 21:35:55 +01:00
FAQ.md doc: add kernel src as additional ucode version source 2023-08-01 10:22:15 +02:00
README.md feat(reptar): add detection and mitigation of Reptar 2024-01-09 15:38:16 +01:00
spectre-meltdown-checker.sh fix: typo introduced by #483, fixes #486 2024-05-18 13:01:48 +02:00

Spectre & Meltdown Checker

A shell script to assess your systems resilience against the several transient execution CVEs that were published since early 2018, and give you guidance as to how to mitigate them.

CVE Name Aliases
CVE-2017-5753 Bounds Check Bypass Spectre Variant 1
CVE-2017-5715 Branch Target Injection Spectre Variant 2
CVE-2017-5754 Rogue Data Cache Load Meltdown, Variant 3
CVE-2018-3640 Rogue System Register Read Variant 3a
CVE-2018-3639 Speculative Store Bypass Variant 4
CVE-2018-3615 L1 Terminal Fault L1TF, Foreshadow (SGX)
CVE-2018-3620 L1 Terminal Fault L1TF, Foreshadow-NG (OS)
CVE-2018-3646 L1 Terminal Fault L1TF, Foreshadow-NG (VMM)
CVE-2018-12126 Microarchitectural Store Buffer Data Sampling MSBDS, Fallout
CVE-2018-12130 Microarchitectural Fill Buffer Data Sampling MFBDS, ZombieLoad
CVE-2018-12127 Microarchitectural Load Port Data Sampling MLPDS, RIDL
CVE-2019-11091 Microarchitectural Data Sampling Uncacheable Memory MDSUM, RIDL
CVE-2019-11135 TSX asynchronous abort TAA, ZombieLoad V2
CVE-2018-12207 Machine Check Exception on Page Size Changes MCEPSC, No eXcuses, iTLB Multihit
CVE-2020-0543 Special Register Buffer Data Sampling SRBDS
CVE-2022-40982 Gather Data Sampling GDS, Downfall
CVE-2023-20569 Return Address Security Inception, RAS, SRSO
CVE-2023-20593 Cross-Process Information Leak Zenbleed
CVE-2023-23583 Redundant Prefix issue Reptar

Supported operating systems: - Linux (all versions, flavors and distros) - FreeBSD, NetBSD, DragonFlyBSD and derivatives (others BSDs are not supported)

For Linux systems, the tool will detect mitigations, including backported non-vanilla patches, regardless of the advertised kernel version number and the distribution (such as Debian, Ubuntu, CentOS, RHEL, Fedora, openSUSE, Arch, …), it also works if youve compiled your own kernel. More information here.

Other operating systems such as MacOS, Windows, ESXi, etc. will most likely never be supported.

Supported architectures: - x86 (32 bits) - amd64/x86_64 (64 bits) - ARM and ARM64 - other architectures will work, but mitigations (if they exist) might not always be detected

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  • What is the purpose of this tool?
  • Why was it written?
  • How can it be useful to me?
  • How does it work?
  • What can I expect from it?

All these questions (and more) have detailed answers in the FAQ, please have a look!

Easy way to run the script

  • Get the latest version of the script using curl or wget
curl -L https://meltdown.ovh -o spectre-meltdown-checker.sh
wget https://meltdown.ovh -O spectre-meltdown-checker.sh
  • Inspect the script. You never blindly run scripts you downloaded from the Internet, do you?
vim spectre-meltdown-checker.sh
  • When youre ready, run the script as root
chmod +x spectre-meltdown-checker.sh
sudo ./spectre-meltdown-checker.sh

Run the script in a docker container

With docker-compose

docker-compose build
docker-compose run --rm spectre-meltdown-checker

Without docker-compose

docker build -t spectre-meltdown-checker .
docker run --rm --privileged -v /boot:/boot:ro -v /dev/cpu:/dev/cpu:ro -v /lib/modules:/lib/modules:ro spectre-meltdown-checker

Example of script output

  • Intel Haswell CPU running under Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
haswell
  • AMD Ryzen running under OpenSUSE Tumbleweed
ryzen
  • Batch mode (JSON flavor)
batch

Quick summary of the CVEs

CVE-2017-5753 bounds check bypass (Spectre Variant 1)

  • Impact: Kernel & all software
  • Mitigation: recompile software and kernel with a modified compiler that introduces the LFENCE opcode at the proper positions in the resulting code
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: negligible

CVE-2017-5715 branch target injection (Spectre Variant 2)

  • Impact: Kernel
  • Mitigation 1: new opcode via microcode update that should be used by up to date compilers to protect the BTB (by flushing indirect branch predictors)
  • Mitigation 2: introducing “retpoline” into compilers, and recompile software/OS with it
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: high for mitigation 1, medium for mitigation 2, depending on your CPU

CVE-2017-5754 rogue data cache load (Meltdown)

  • Impact: Kernel
  • Mitigation: updated kernel (with PTI/KPTI patches), updating the kernel is enough
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low to medium

CVE-2018-3640 rogue system register read (Variant 3a)

  • Impact: TBC
  • Mitigation: microcode update only
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: negligible

CVE-2018-3639 speculative store bypass (Variant 4)

  • Impact: software using JIT (no known exploitation against kernel)
  • Mitigation: microcode update + kernel update making possible for affected software to protect itself
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low to medium

CVE-2018-3615 l1 terminal fault (Foreshadow-NG SGX)

  • Impact: Kernel & all software (any physical memory address in the system)
  • Mitigation: microcode update
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: negligible

CVE-2018-3620 l1 terminal fault (Foreshadow-NG SMM)

  • Impact: Kernel & System management mode
  • Mitigation: updated kernel (with PTE inversion)
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: negligible

CVE-2018-3646 l1 terminal fault (Foreshadow-NG VMM)

  • Impact: Virtualization software and Virtual Machine Monitors
  • Mitigation: disable ept (extended page tables), disable hyper-threading (SMT), or updated kernel (with L1d flush)
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low to significant

CVE-2018-12126 [MSBDS] Microarchitectural Store Buffer Data Sampling (Fallout)

CVE-2018-12130 [MFBDS] Microarchitectural Fill Buffer Data Sampling (ZombieLoad)

CVE-2018-12127 [MLPDS] Microarchitectural Load Port Data Sampling (RIDL)

CVE-2019-11091 [MDSUM] Microarchitectural Data Sampling Uncacheable Memory (RIDL)

  • Note: These 4 CVEs are similar and collectively named “MDS” vulnerabilities, the mitigation is identical for all
  • Impact: Kernel
  • Mitigation: microcode update + kernel update making possible to protect various CPU internal buffers from unprivileged speculative access to data
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low to significant

CVE-2019-11135 TSX Asynchronous Abort (TAA, ZombieLoad V2)

  • Impact: Kernel
  • Mitigation: microcode update + kernel update making possible to protect various CPU internal buffers from unprivileged speculative access to data
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low to significant

CVE-2018-12207 machine check exception on page size changes (No eXcuses, iTLB Multihit)

  • Impact: Virtualization software and Virtual Machine Monitors
  • Mitigation: disable hugepages use in hypervisor, or update hypervisor to benefit from mitigation
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low to significant

CVE-2020-0543 Special Register Buffer Data Sampling (SRBDS)

  • Impact: Kernel
  • Mitigation: microcode update + kernel update helping to protect various CPU internal buffers from unprivileged speculative access to data
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low

CVE-2022-40982 Gather Data Sampling (GDS, Downfall)

  • Impact: Kernel & all software
  • Mitigation: either microcode update or disabling AVX feature
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: TBD

CVE-2023-20569 Return Address Security (Inception)

  • Impact: Kernel & all software
  • Mitigation: updated kernel & microcode
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low to significant depending on the mitigation

CVE-2023-20593 Cross-Process Information Leak (Zenbleed)

  • Impact: Kernel & all software
  • Mitigation: either kernel mitigation by disabling a CPU optimization through an MSR bit, or CPU microcode mitigation
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: TBD

CVE-2023-23583 Redundant Prefix issue (Reptar)

  • Impact: All software
  • Mitigation: microcode update for the affected CPU
  • Performance impact of the mitigation: low